This tier list includes 4 stars and 5 stars.
For ascension & talent material farming guides, see links below.
Quick note: The Traveler uses all sorts of enemy drops as Talent ascension material. For Talent books, the traveler uses all books from the respective region. (i.e. Freedom, Resistance, and Ballad for Anemo)
Puzzles, Secrets, and Hidden Chests in Liyue
Ragged Records Hidden Quest Guide
Puzzles, Secrets, and Hidden Chests in Dragonspine
Violetgrass Farming Map
Treasure Lost, Treasure Found Quest Guide
How to Farm Character Ascension Materials